Symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs

manifestations of varicose veins

Varicose veins are a chronic disease of the saphenous veins, in which a malfunction of the reverse venous valves occurs, due to this: stagnation of blood in the blood vessels, swelling and other ensuing consequences.

Varicose veins occur in the veins of the small pelvis, esophagus, stomach, and in men - the testicle (varicocele), but in most cases the disease affects the legs, as they are subject to the greatest stress.

The movement of blood through the veins of the lower limbs occurs from the bottom up, despite the force of gravity. Its reverse flow - reflux - is obstructed by the venous valves. Due to the insufficiency of the valve, blood accumulates in the vessels and presses on the walls, stretching them.

Also against the background of this process, inflammation occurs. All this is accompanied by the symptoms of varicose veins:

  1. Characteristic sinuous and knotty thickening of the vessels of the legs.
  2. Intense pain and burning, especially with exertion.
  3. Rapid fatigue, heaviness in the legs.
  4. Dark blue, reddish color of the lower limb veins, which can be clearly seen in the photo.
  5. Acquisition of a shiny brown pigmentation in the ankle and lower leg area.
  6. Periodic seizures.
  7. Ulcers.

Any disease is best treated in the early stages, so it is important to know how varicose veins begin.

The symptoms of the first stage of the disease are arranged in ascending order:

  1. Swelling in the legs in the evening.
  2. After prolonged sitting or standing on the calves, feelings of fullness and heaviness are felt, which disappear after resting or walking.
  3. Night cramps in the calves, hot sensation in one or both legs.
  4. The appearance of dark saphenous veins and the appearance of varicose veins below the knee, on the back of the lower leg.

Most often, varicose veins appear in people after 30-40 years, although it also happens in schoolchildren. According to various sources, every 10 men and every 3 women suffer from it.

The reasons for the development of the disease

  1. Hereditary predisposition: valve defects, their absence.
  2. Increased venous pressure:
    • heavy loads on the legs, weight lifting (for example, playing professional sports);
    • standing work or prolonged static standing;
    • overweight;
    • Pregnancy, hormonal disturbances.
    • Age-related changes.
    • Sedentary lifestyle (for example, sedentary work).

The last factor plays an important role, since not only heart contractions, but also contractions of the leg muscles contribute to the movement of blood through the veins.

If measures are not taken, varicose veins are complicated by eczema, thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcer (long wound that does not heal) or rupture of varicose veins.

How to treat varicose veins in the legs?

how to treat varicose veins of the lower limbs

In addition to a visual medical examination, you can identify and evaluate varicose veins:

  • reovasography;
  • ultrasound of the lower limbs;
  • phlebography.

Treatment of varicose veins is determined by the phlebologist, based on the stage of the disease, the age of the patient, the characteristics of his health and condition. In general, the choice is between conservative and surgical treatment.

In the absence of acute manifestations, the patient is shown the drug treatment of varicose veins, dietary nutrition, exercise, the use of elastic bandages and special knitting to compress the veins in the legs. Specific medication and therapy are prescribed by the doctor.

In the early stages, an anti-clotting ointment is often prescribed. Of the tablets, venotonic drugs are usually used - phlebotonics.

The patient can be shown physiotherapy to improve blood flow, for example pneumatic massage. Hirudotherapy is considered effective for the treatment of varicose veins, since leeches, sucking blood, secrete an enzyme that dilutes the blood.

All conservative traditional remedies are aimed at maintaining the tone of the veins and improving the patient's condition, but they do not cure varicose veins. With the help of a surgical operation, it is possible to remove the affected superficial vessels and, if present, the tumors that compress them. But such a radical way of solving the problem is fraught with complications and has a long recovery period.

Today, the most progressive methods are:

  1. Cauterization of the veins with a laser.
  2. Sclerotherapy (cutting the affected veins from the bloodstream using a special medical foam).

Since the disease often manifests itself during pregnancy, it is important for expectant mothers to periodically visit a phlebologist, especially in case of complaints.

Home treatment of varicose veins and folk remedies

You can also improve the condition of the leg veins and relieve the symptoms of varicose veins with the help of alternative treatments. There are various means for this.

Horse chestnut is the best remedy for varicose veins. Pour 50 g of flowers with 0, 5. l. alcohol or vodka. Leave to infuse for two weeks, then strain and drink one tablespoon three times a day before meals. To avoid burning your throat, drink the tincture with water. After a week, take a 14-day break and take another course.

You can apply woodlice leaves on the affected veins and a broken leaf of burdock, cabbage or plantain on top. Apply these compresses four times a day for 30 minutes. every. The course lasts several weeks with a break of two.

Pour the dried hop cones with a glass of boiled water for 15 minutes. You need to take the infusion completely in 30 minutes. before eating and so on until you get the result. The same remedy can be used to heal the legs, using it as a compress.

No less long-term treatment with nettle. It should be prepared with boiling water and, after insisting a little, drink a quarter of a glass three times a day.

At night with varicose veins, at home, make a compress with natural oil and garlic, crushed with the peels.

It is not easy to tame varicose veins. Treatment with folk remedies should be complemented by a diet in which animal fats should be limited in favor of vegetables, fruits and especially berries (the same diet is indicated for thrombophlebitis).

Prevention and exercise for varicose veins

exercises for varicose veins in the legs

If you are susceptible to this disease, following these guidelines will slow its progression:

  1. Don't stand or sit in the same place for a long time: move, warm up, change your body position more often.
  2. Do not take hot baths, especially in the morning: it is better to replace them with a hot shower with a last cold bath.
  3. Wear comfortable, flat or low-heeled shoes.
  4. When exercising, you can bandage your legs or wear medical shirts, but only after consulting a doctor.
  5. Stop smoking, as a result of which the condition of the blood vessels worsens.

The main prevention of varicose veins is moderate physical activity: swimming, walking, cycling, exercise. We recommend that you remember the warm-up exercises, which will help keep your leg veins in good shape.

  1. Stand straight with your hands on your hips, slowly rise to your toes and lower to your feet 20 times, then repeat the same thing, only with your heels together and your toes in opposite directions. After - walk on your socks.
  2. Stand with your feet together, stretch your arms as you inhale and as you exhale return to the starting position. Repeat several times, then do the same, performing the swallowing position as you exhale, first with one leg and then with the other.
  3. Lie on your back and place your legs, bent at the knees, on a chair and alternately bend and straighten your feet.
  4. Do the exercise on a bicycle - it is incredibly effective for varicose veins.
  5. Raise your legs, then stand on the "birch" and carefully do the scissors.
  6. Lying on your back, alternately bring your legs closer to your chest, without holding your breath.
  7. Lie on your side, bend the lower leg and swing the upper leg 20 times forward, upwards, then hold the upper leg and lift the lower leg. Do the same on the other side.