Varicose veins are a chronic disease of the saphenous veins, in which a malfunction of the reverse venous valves occurs, due to this: stagnation of blood in the blood vessels, swelling and other ensuing consequences.
Varicose veins occur in the veins of the small pelvis, esophagus, stomach, and in men - the testicle (varicocele), but in most cases the disease affects the legs, as they are subject to the greatest stress.
The movement of blood through the veins of the lower limbs occurs from the bottom up, despite the force of gravity. Its reverse flow - reflux - is obstructed by the venous valves. Due to the insufficiency of the valve, blood accumulates in the vessels and presses on the walls, stretching them.
Also against the background of this process, inflammation occurs. All this is accompanied by the symptoms of varicose veins:
Any disease is best treated in the early stages, so it is important to know how varicose veins begin.
The symptoms of the first stage of the disease are arranged in ascending order:
Most often, varicose veins appear in people after 30-40 years, although it also happens in schoolchildren. According to various sources, every 10 men and every 3 women suffer from it.
The last factor plays an important role, since not only heart contractions, but also contractions of the leg muscles contribute to the movement of blood through the veins.
If measures are not taken, varicose veins are complicated by eczema, thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcer (long wound that does not heal) or rupture of varicose veins.
In addition to a visual medical examination, you can identify and evaluate varicose veins:
Treatment of varicose veins is determined by the phlebologist, based on the stage of the disease, the age of the patient, the characteristics of his health and condition. In general, the choice is between conservative and surgical treatment.
In the absence of acute manifestations, the patient is shown the drug treatment of varicose veins, dietary nutrition, exercise, the use of elastic bandages and special knitting to compress the veins in the legs. Specific medication and therapy are prescribed by the doctor.
In the early stages, an anti-clotting ointment is often prescribed. Of the tablets, venotonic drugs are usually used - phlebotonics.
The patient can be shown physiotherapy to improve blood flow, for example pneumatic massage. Hirudotherapy is considered effective for the treatment of varicose veins, since leeches, sucking blood, secrete an enzyme that dilutes the blood.
All conservative traditional remedies are aimed at maintaining the tone of the veins and improving the patient's condition, but they do not cure varicose veins. With the help of a surgical operation, it is possible to remove the affected superficial vessels and, if present, the tumors that compress them. But such a radical way of solving the problem is fraught with complications and has a long recovery period.
Today, the most progressive methods are:
Since the disease often manifests itself during pregnancy, it is important for expectant mothers to periodically visit a phlebologist, especially in case of complaints.
You can also improve the condition of the leg veins and relieve the symptoms of varicose veins with the help of alternative treatments. There are various means for this.
Horse chestnut is the best remedy for varicose veins. Pour 50 g of flowers with 0, 5. l. alcohol or vodka. Leave to infuse for two weeks, then strain and drink one tablespoon three times a day before meals. To avoid burning your throat, drink the tincture with water. After a week, take a 14-day break and take another course.
You can apply woodlice leaves on the affected veins and a broken leaf of burdock, cabbage or plantain on top. Apply these compresses four times a day for 30 minutes. every. The course lasts several weeks with a break of two.
Pour the dried hop cones with a glass of boiled water for 15 minutes. You need to take the infusion completely in 30 minutes. before eating and so on until you get the result. The same remedy can be used to heal the legs, using it as a compress.
No less long-term treatment with nettle. It should be prepared with boiling water and, after insisting a little, drink a quarter of a glass three times a day.
At night with varicose veins, at home, make a compress with natural oil and garlic, crushed with the peels.
It is not easy to tame varicose veins. Treatment with folk remedies should be complemented by a diet in which animal fats should be limited in favor of vegetables, fruits and especially berries (the same diet is indicated for thrombophlebitis).
If you are susceptible to this disease, following these guidelines will slow its progression:
The main prevention of varicose veins is moderate physical activity: swimming, walking, cycling, exercise. We recommend that you remember the warm-up exercises, which will help keep your leg veins in good shape.