An adult without a blue vein snake on his legs can be called lucky, since according to statistics, every 4 women and every 7 men are doomed to varicose veins. Also, ugly veins can appear under the skin after 18-20 years and they don't disappear anywhere no matter how hard you try. Often, in addition to a cosmetic defect, varicose veins also cause serious health problems: pain and heaviness in the legs, swelling, itching of the skin, up to the appearance of non-healing ulcers on the legs. Not to mention the high risk of blood clots, which are potentially life-threatening.
The most obvious way to treat varicose veins is surgery. The affected vein is tied and simply pulled out like a lace. In severe cases, venectomy will certainly improve the condition, reduce symptoms, and make life easier. However, removing veins at a young age is a dubious prospect. No one can guarantee that in 3-5 years you will no longer come to the surgeon with relapse or edema. I would like to find a solution to the problem without surgery!
Before looking for such a method, you need to come to terms with the idea that there is still no known method that can get rid of varicose veins forever. All existing methods, both popular and official, have a purely symptomatic effect: they can slow down the further expansion of the veins, reduce the likelihood of complications, significantly relieve and even completely remove symptoms, but not eliminate the cause of vascular lesions. And the reason itself is unknown. We know only the predisposing factors: genetically inherited weakness of the vascular wall, hormonal disorders, excess weight or strenuous physical activity, the professional need to spend most of the day in an upright position, etc. The influence of these factors can be minimized by modifying one's lifestyle.
The first way to improve the condition of the legs with varicose veins is to reduce the load on the veins. To do this, try to lift your feet off the ground at every opportunity, preferably above the level of your heart. The best anti-varicose sitting posture is the "cowboy pose". This is when you lean back in a chair and put your feet on the edge of the table. If you can lie down, put a roller under your feet.
The ideal activity after work is swimming or aqua aerobics. The water has a massage effect and the horizontal position relieves the pressure on the venous valves. A light version of water procedures available to everyone: contrast showers from the shower from the legs to the middle of the thigh. You have to finish with cold water.
The second non-surgical method of treatment is drugs for varicose veins. For some, venotonics proves to be a miracle cure for varicose veins, while others believe they have wasted their money. The reason for the disappointment with these drugs are false expectations.
Phlebotonics does not hide the veins, it only relieves the symptoms of varicose veins, sometimes with success. The main effect of varicose vein drugs is to strengthen and improve the nutrition of the venous wall, but you will not feel it. The strongest effect of the pills is usually experienced by people suffering from swelling and pain in the legs. If varicose veins bother you only as a cosmetic defect, you should not count on a noticeable effect of the pills. At the same time, many years of research have shown that phlebotonics improves the prognosis of varicose veins and makes the veins more elastic. Topical medications such as ointments and gels are considered less effective.
According to cultural norms, men's socks are bad manners and, according to phlebologists, are a necessary piece of clothing for people of both sexes with a tendency to varicose veins. Socks, tights and high knee-highs of various colors: an assortment of medical products made with elastic knitwear, recommended not only for the treatment of varicose veins, but also for prevention.
Products made of elastic knitwear differ in compression classes: the pressure force they exert on the superficial veins of the legs, assuming part of the load for pumping blood. Class "A" is assigned for prevention. Such a shirt should be worn during pregnancy, as well as for men and women who spend the whole day on their feet. Compression classes I, II, III, IV are already used for medicinal purposes. It is difficult to dress them without a special device.
Compression hosiery for varicose veins reduces the severity of symptoms, reduces the risk of complications, but only works with constant wear. You must put on stockings, pantyhose and knee-highs in the morning, before getting your legs out of bed. Shoot - only during sleep.
Sclerotherapy is considered a non-surgical treatment method for varicose veins; he is already of considerable age and is constantly improving. Treatment involves injecting a substance into a spider vein or an enlarged vein that causes the vessel to block. The vein collapses and is gradually replaced by connective tissue. The effect of the procedure is evident after a couple of days, when it is possible to remove the compression bandage. As a "glue", the preparations are used in the form of a liquid - for small vessels, and in the form of a foam - for larger saphenous veins. This method of treating varicose veins is possible if the diameter of the veins does not exceed 3-5 mm. When trying to "foam" larger vessels, complications often arise.
Complications after sclerotherapy are very dangerous, these are the consequences of air entering the bloodstream, if foam is used, severe allergic reactions to the drug, inflammatory vascular lesions and the appearance of hyperpigmentation on the skin. Therefore, when choosing this method, you need to be aware of the price you can pay for perfect legs.
Indeed, this method of treatment is the responsibility of vascular surgeons, however, it is considered sparing, since it is performed without incisions, using a puncture - a puncture of the vessel with a thick needle. After the introduction of the needle and anesthesia, the lumen of the vessel is irradiated with a laser. Due to the increase in temperature, the vessel walls appear to be welded together, blood circulation stops, and over time the vein dissolves. The same operation is performed using electromagnetic oscillations in the radiofrequency range - radiofrequency ablation of blood vessels. The disadvantage of these treatment methods is the risk of thrombosis after radiation. In addition, even the most experienced surgeon cannot completely eliminate the risk of blood clot formation. In addition, laser treatment of varicose veins and radiofrequency ablation are still young methods, their long-term results have not been studied.
A method that was once widespread for the treatment of everything and everyone, but is now undeservedly forgotten. When treating varicose veins of the lower limbs, your doctor may recommend physiotherapy as an additional tool. These are: laser and magnetotherapy, UV irradiation, ozone therapy, NO-therapy and mud therapy. Physiotherapy has practically no complications and limitations, painless and even pleasant. However, don't expect a magical effect from them. The most you can count on is relieving symptoms, improving prognosis and the appearance of the skin on the legs.