Varicose veins pelvic — symptoms and treatment in women

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The varicose veins of the pelvic region in women led to the opposite phenomenon of the blood flow ovarian vienna, appearing on the bottom of the compression of blood vessels.

Amorage the development of the disease is considered a pregnancy, and it is disappointing in this period, hormonal changes and the increased pressure of the uterus on the vessels the pelvic.

This type of varicose veins manifested itself in a long and intense pain in the lower abdomen, usually displayed after permanent intense physical activity or before monthly.

The reasons

Why is product a varix pelvic, and what it is? In most cases, the disease is diagnosed in women, and most often this disease manifests itself in patients between the ages of 25 to 45 years.

Very often, these patients first try to self-heal varicose veins — folk remedies, which apply without destination and the consultation of a specialist can cause unwanted side effects, therefore, always confronted with phlebologist.

The factors that cause the development of this disease are:

  1. A sedentary way of life.
  2. Tiring of the physical load.
  3. A hormonal problem of nature.
  4. The pelvic inflammatory disease.
  5. Congenital Malformations of the vascular wall — the under-development, mollitia, the weakening of.
  6. The problems of a sexual nature — anorgasmia, pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse, have psychological nature of the risk, often, as it is practiced coitus interruptus.

Varicose vein pelvic very similar to the condition of varicose veins on the legs. In both cases, suffer from the valves within the veins that help the blood flow to the heart. Disrupted the function of the valve to prevent the return of blood. When the valves are destroyed, in the veins of the blood is stasis of blood. Vienna, who has shed his blood, stretch and strengthen even more stagnation. Syndrome pelvic venous overload develops mainly near the uterus, fallopian tubes, vulva and even the vagina.

The symptoms of varicose veins pelvic

the symptoms

On the presence of varicose veins of the pelvic region in women may indicate a number of symptoms. The main of them are unreasonable pain in the lower abdomen, the pelvic area, often, they are abandoned in the lumbar region, or in the crotch. Also a woman can interfere with the nasal mucus in the abundance of the shape of the genital organs, especially in the second half of the phase of the menstrual cycle.

Outside the core, there are other, no less important, the symptoms of pelvic varicose veins in women:

  1. The dysmenorrhea. The appearance of pain during menstruation.
  2. In some cases, broken reproductive function.
  3. Sensitive to irradiation in the area of the sacrum and the back, as well as in the region of the groin.
  4. Sensitive conduct of the so-called premenstrual syndromes.
  5. The appearance of the pain of the hypertensive crisis (as a consequence have suffered emotional stress, physical fatigue, the cold of the body).
  6. The phenomenon of dyspareunia (appearance of an uncomfortable feeling in the area of the vulva or vagina, such as during intimacy and its end).
  7. The onset of pain in the abdomen, after long loads (static and dynamic).

In the Face of data symptoms, you should immediately consult a specialist. As this disease can have many unpleasant consequences:

  • disturbed activity of the reproductive system;
  • the varicosities may become a contraindication to natural childbirth;
  • the feeling of anxiety and irritability
  • there is a fear of sexual relations.

It should also be noted that the above symptoms may be expressed in different ways (more or less), in some women, there are all the signs of the disease, and someone 1-2.

The diagnosis

the diagnosis

For a diagnosis a woman passes complete the survey.

When the patient complains of pain occurring in a obscure reason, the doctor is first necessary to identify all the factors that have caused the onset of pain. Carefully inspected painful feet. Thus, you can detect the onset of varicose veins. In some cases, organizes a consultation with the doctor vascular.

Methods of diagnosis:

  1. The laparoscopy. Identify varicose veins in the area of the ovary.
  2. The ULTRASOUND of the vein system. The study allows to see the veins, their tortuosity.
  3. Transcranial Doppler. Detects the decrease of systolic velocity in the veins of the uterus and ovaries.
  4. Selective auricularia. More specific research. Is done by the introduction of contrast through the femoral and subclavian vienna.
  5. The tomography. Allows you to exclude a pathology, to identify the varicose veins in the uterus and ovary, their show tortuosity and dilatatio on the screen.

The use of these methods allows to determine more precisely the symptoms of the disease.

The degree of

For a standardization of the diagnosis and the attempt of a progressive approach to treatment A. that is to say, the Wolves have ranked varicose veins of the small pelvis depending on the diameter of the dilated vessels and location of the venous ectasias.

There are 3 degrees of this disease:

the degree of varicose veins
  • 1 degree — the diameter of the vein up to 5 mm (venous plexus (pelvic), corkscrew informibus progress of the ship;
  • 2 degree — the diameter of the vein of 6-10 mm prosthesis type varicose veins, bulk ectasias ovarian plexus (pl pampiniformis ovarii), BP parametral veins (pl uterovaginalis), BP veins in arcuate plexus of the uterus;
  • 3 degree — diameter of the vein >10 mm prosthesis type BP or consectetur type of parametral location.

Depending on the severity of the disease in the pelvis may be the application of methods of conservative treatments and surgical interventions.

The treatment of varicose veins pelvic

If the women were diagnosed with varicose veins pelvic, the treatment aims to achieve the following objectives:

  1. The cessation of the inverse of the circulation of the blood in the veins of the ovary.
  2. The normalization of the tonus of the veins, the improvement of the vascularization of the tissue.
  3. Withdrawal symptoms: pain, bleeding, and so on.

Therapy VRWM includes two main components:

  1. Change the taking of medication during exacerbation.
  2. The continued use of physical therapy for the prevention of relapses.

At varicose illness of veins of the small pelvis 1 or 2 degrees, have a tendency to apply the conservative treatment (venotonics, non-specific anti-inflammatory drugs, physiotherapy). The conservative treatment in the syndrome of venous blood small pond is symptomatic, including the standardization of conditions of work and recreation with the exception of considerable physical effort and a long stay in the vertical position.

It is understood that the same treatment does not completely cure varicose veins of the small pelvis. But, nevertheless, a therapy you can get rid of most of the clinical manifestations and significantly improve the state of the patient.

Conservative treatment

Because of the location affected by the disease of the veins medication must be prescribed by oral route, use of venous gels and ointments is not possible. This applies to the tool:

  • for the high resolution of the elasticity of the vessels, reduce their permeability, the prevention of fragility;
  • to relieve the swelling and inflammation;
  • for the improvement of the flow of blood from damaged blood vessels, improve the tone of veins, reducing the swelling and inflammation;
  • to strengthen the walls of blood vessels.

Experts recommend that you combine drug therapy with physical therapy and wearing special clothes from home. Should compressive the machine is produced during the pregnancy.

Surgery

The operation is an extreme measure, which applies in the case where the disease is most launched and there is a predisposition to the BP of the vein. The quick response is chosen as a function of the position of the main disorders, and provides such procedures:

  • the ligation ovarian vienna;
  • ligation sexual of vienna (often in a complex with miniphlebectomy perineum);
  • the operation Troyanova-Trendelenburg (crossectomy) – in the case of a defeat also of the veins of the lower limbs.

In case of need for surgical intervention, choice of actions is very different, because everything depends on the location of varicose veins.

Exercises

exercises

The physiotherapy when the varicose veins of the pelvic region consists of these exercises:

  1. From the standing position, with parallel standing feet, climb up on the socks and stockings. Repeat up to 30 times.
  2. From a standing position, heels together, socks separately. Up on the socks and get up to 30 times.
  3. Stand, dilute to part of the heel, aligning the socks. Up on socks up to 30 times.
  4. Make a "bike" and "birch", in the recovery of the feet.

Exercises may be performed in any place. If you want, you can replace, add, or get out of any exercise, especially, to ensure that the body is not overstrained. Curative physical education, you must combine with the wearing of compression hosiery.

Folk remedies

The most popular and well known remedies:

  1. The infusion of tea fungus (mushroom).
  2. Liqueur fruit of the horse chestnut for ingestion.
  3. The treatment of leeches that are put on the area of the sacrum and the coccyx.
  4. The infusion of dandelion root or herb-gathering on the basis of the dandelion root. It has venotonic action.

A significant role in the treatment of varicose veins plays and the diet – the diet should be balanced and contain enough animal protein and fiber.

Prevention

Also follow a few simple rules that will serve not only to the prevention of VRWM, but also improve the general condition of the body:

  1. Wear therapeutic pantyhose.
  2. Each day, spend breathing exercises.
  3. Take a contrast shower, concentrating on the thighs, the perineum, the underside of the belly.
  4. During this sitting or standing work breaks, take a 5-10 minutes once every 1-2 hours.
  5. Add in the diet of more vegetables containing cellulose plant, and oil. Avoid sharp, salty, and foods that can cause constipation.

The consequences

the consequences

The most frequent complications of this disease are:

  • diseases of the uterus and the inflammatory nature;
  • diseases of the bladder;
  • the uterine bleeding.

In conditions of disturbances of the flow venous, there is a risk of venous thrombosis pelvic. But the frequency of this type of complications does not exceed 3% to 5%.