The spider veins on the legs in men under the skin characterized by the increase of priphriques veins. Suspect a disease of the autocracy featured blue in the face, tuberosity and the increase in the size of the vein. First of all, disrupted the flow of the blood, which increases the pressure.
In this condition the walls of the blood vessels lengthen, and the edges adjacent to the dermis, becomes visually perceptible through vascular to a hairnet and nodules. The intensity of the hue depends on the thickness of the vein.
The more often the sick, the women, but the men varicose veins passes more difficult. According to the statistics, with this disease is facing more than 20% of the population and half of them at the initial stage is not aware of the presence of problems.
The causes of the onset of the disease of the feet in men
The appearance of varicose veins in people of the male sex is directly linked to their mode of life and a genetic predisposition. In this regard, identifies a number of causes for onset of the disease:
- The hard work.
- Age after 30 years.
- A sedentary way of life.
- Errors power.
- Of hormonal drugs.
- The abuse of bad habits.
Differences between women and men, varicose veins,
In women, the varicosities often develops after childbirth or due to other hormonal transformations inherent in the weakness of half of the population. Another reason is wearing uncomfortable shoes or a high heel.
The men, in turn, is not as neat related to their health and do not pay attention to the first signs of the disease, in the running.
On the development of the disease affect:
- Bad habits (smoking, alcohol consumption).
- Physical stress as a consequence of training or hard work.
- The service in the army.
- Certain types of hobbies, for example, hunting, fishing.
If timely not to begin a treatment, suffer from the organs of the urinary system.
The link of bad habits and varicose veins
Bad habits such as alcohol and smoking, can not only aggravate the disease, but also one of its instigators.
Smoking affects the blood vessels by making the walls of the veins, and institute valves thin. In addition, this habit reduces the effectiveness of the treatment.
Alcohol in turn destroys the liver, due to the violation of work of hepatocytes is formed in the thrombosis.
The degree of varicose veins
This disease has 4 stages of development:
- The absence of unpleasant sensations in certain places visually can be traced to the vascular mesh.
- The onset of fatigue, the severity, the edema of the lower limbs. Periodically can disturb the cramps.
- Important visual manifestations of the pathology, the appearance of bruising, brown spots. The veins on the legs swell, in this place, you can test the seal. The patient is worried about the pain, the break in the legs.
- The most dangerous period is characterized by the appearance of venous ulcers and thrombophlebitis. And skin problems occur in all abrasion and difficult are eliminated.
The symptoms of the pathology
The first stage of the disease may occur in the form hidden. With time, the signs become more brilliant and show:
- The appearance vascular of a hairnet bluish tint.
- The pain and discomfort in the legs.
- Of the severity of difficulties when walking.
- Tingling, sometimes troubling itch.
- Cases of seizures and numbness.
- Of the swelling. First of all, in the area of the feet, gradually spread over the entire foot. During the later stages of the swelling does not go even after a long period of rest.
The symptoms may be aggravated during a physical effort. When the legs lifted, becomes easier. In the later stages on the legs appear to be sealing, peeling skin, wounds, swell of vienna, the pathology can spread to the adductors, or the pelvic organs.
That dangerous varicose veins for men
The disease creates an additional pressure on the myocardium. If the decrease in the blood flow of coronary, the heart muscle weakens.
When the varicose veins of the lower limbs is very important not to ignore the pathological changes in the abdomen and groin, as well as their availability said about the violation of blood circulation in the ileum and the inferior vena cava.
Such a state during a prolonged stagnation increases the risk of the development of the varicocele. A dilation of the veins in the testicle is manifested by pain, asymmetry of the scrotum, the increase of the veins of the spermatic cord. Increasing the temperature in the egg gradually can cause sterility.
The consequences of the disease
If timely and do not start the treatment of varicose veins may cause side effects:
- Phlebitis. Manifests itself by an inflammation of the internal wall of the container. Piderme to this place has a red tint, and any attempt to touch the affected area because of the pain.
- Thrombosis. Characterized by the formation of a blood clot in the deep veins.
- Thrombophlebitis. The detachment of a blood clot, the free movement and the result of the occlusion of the vessel can become lethal.
- Food web of the plague, when disturbances of the circulation and of the blood stagnating in the legs. Even a small injury leads to complications.
What is prohibited during the varicose veins
The disease dictates certain contraindications to treatment it is important to follow a number of rules:
- Refuse uncomfortable shoes.
- Exclude high of the year and working conditions.
- Give up alcohol, smoking and the consumption of the cholesterol products.
- At the time of treatment, it is important to avoid the thermal load on the blood vessels.
Physical activity and training during the varicose veins
The varicosities of the lower limbs in men is often the result of weakness of the muscles of the legs. Therefore, the care of the sick display in the daily diet, but with certain restrictions.
- Jogging is preferable to replace the walks.
- Jumps, squats, dance with the intense physical effort of having to refuse, it is better to choose swimming.
- It is necessary to exclude the years with the increase of the load on the foot and need to lose weight.
The methods of treatment
For the treatment of varicose veins, may apply to a number of tools, which are the most effective in the complex of the combination of:
- Medicines to thin the blood.
- Local gels and ointments for the resorption of blood clots.
- The plan.
- The massage.
- The wearing of a compression of the linen.
- The folk remedies.
Conservative treatment includes drugs that help fight the signs of disease and prevent the further development of the disease.
The most popular drugs are:
- Phlebotonics. They strengthen the vascular walls, reduce their fragility.
- Anticoagulants. This group of drugs thins the blood.
- Antioxidants. Help to remove toxins and improve the structure of the blood.
Taking these drugs is usually carried out 1 time per year and lasts approximately 2-3 months.
The use of ointments, creams when the varicose veins
In addition to the drug therapy can serve as tools for local application, such as ointments and gels. They help to relieve inflammation, eliminate swelling, pain.
These tools are not stand-alone treatment, and are used in the adjuvant setting to improve the well-being of the patient.
Special products are also creating pressure on the areas that are difficult to access, thanks to the normal of the bloodstream, which prevents the formation of blood clots and the development of the disease.
There are tights, stockings and socks. The first use in the latter stages of the pathology.
The most popular are the golf courses. The pressure against them is not more than 20 mm hg. item
The choice of the product should be exercised on the recommendation of the physician, based on the stage of the illness and complaints.
It is important to follow for a compression garment has not prevented the circulation of the blood. The first signs of the failure of the transporter is numbness of a limb, tingling, cold, burning sensation.
The help of traditional medicine
After a consultation with a doctor in the house that you can apply:
- A foot bath is warm, the water should not be hot. Appropriate herbal for this are chamomile, oak bark, st. john's wort. Also popular of lemon and a baby bath, when in the water, wring out both ripe fruit and put a half-hour. The legs hold for 15 to 30 minutes.
- Compresses, for example, with olive oil, or sea buckthorn.
- The trituration. Take 10 g of propolis, 2 tablespoons of thyme and 1 glass of alcohol. Mix all together and leave to infuse after that, rub the feet for 5-10 minutes.
- Wraps vine leaves or cabbage. The traditional recipes is recommended to try this procedure with persil and the grapes, mix the ingredients in equal proportions.
Before you treat a disease, it is necessary to review your diet. The principle of supply when the varicose veins is to normalize the metabolism and to the exclusion of products that are causing the stagnation.
- In order to normalize the weight, it is necessary to clean fatty, smoked, confectionery and pastry.
- In order to reduce the swelling, you have to give up salt.
- In order to reduce weight, it is useful to use whole grains, fruits and vegetables, rich in fibre, dairy products, leafy green vegetables. The daily intake of calories of the daily diet for men should not exceed 1500 Kcal.
- To thin the blood, you need to follow the water diet, eating of water, fruit juice, fruit drinks, compotes.
- If concerned about the GASTROINTESTINAL pathology, it is useful to several times a month to arrange fasting days.
- It is often necessary, but in small portions, baked, steamed or boiled.
The suffering of varicose veins are contraindicated:
- Salty, fatty, fried, sharp, sweet dishes.
- Meats, deli meats, lard.
- Fatty fish, meat.
- Chocolate, cocoa, coffee, strong tea.
- Baking products, pastries.
- Fast-food, semi-finished products.
- The soft drinks.
- Dairy products with high fat content.
- Bananas, mangoes, pomegranates.
It will be useful to include in the menu:
- The vegetables and seafood dishes. Well a impact on the organism, zucchini, peppers, tomatoes, cabbages, mandarins, oranges, apples, plums.
- Herbs: persil, fennel, lettuce, celery.
- Of cereals or bread.
- Soups of vegetables.
- Low fat content of the meat varieties, but the liver.
- Legumes, beans, peas and lentils.
- Olive oil, flax seed, sunflower-seed oil.
- The products low-fat dairy products.
- Dried fruit: raisins, dried apricots, prunes.
- To fill the inventory of iodine, useful algae, lean fish and seafood.
Berries, you need to choose the cherries, they contribute to the dissolution of blood clots. To eliminate the pockets useful to have strawberries, cranberries, gooseberries, cranberries, currants.
To fill the fibre content in the menu, you need to enter daily in the ration of cereals: oats, buckwheat, barley, wheat flour oatmeal.
In the initial stages of the pathological process is able to help with medication, lifestyle change, diet control and physical activity. When the breach reached stage 3-4, the treatment does not bring the desired effect and to avoid complications, it is recommended to routine surgery.
The most popular are the following methods:
- The phlebectomy. Is appropriate for all patients. On the skin to make small incisions, which removes the damaged veins.
- The sclerotherapy. Characterized by the introduction into the vein of a special substance that causes the paste to a vessel, when the blood flow is sent to the other bed of the river.
- Photocoagulation laser. Is the impact of the laser on the affected area. In some cases, the procedure is inefficient, for example, if the dark color of the skin of the patient.
In order not to advanced varicose veins, it is important to monitor the state of health and to respect a number of rules:
- Lead an active life. During the day, to the predominance of a sedentary work time to take a break of 15-20 minutes.
- All the days of doing exercise, controlling the exercise.
- Review his diet, to the exclusion of harmful products and the diversity of the menu of fresh vegetables and fruits.
- Wear comfortable shoes.
- Normalize the weight, avoiding obesity.
- Allow sufficient time for rest.
Varicose veins in men may have serious complications up to disability, sterility, and death. To stay in good health, you must follow the diet, weight, exercise, avoiding health, to relax, to wear the right shoes.
All of these actions, according to kine, the best prevention of varicose veins.